The Quran In Chronological Order : Meccan Surah


When we open the Quran and read it page by page, we will find the words Makki and Madani placed on the upper corner of every chapter. What does that mean? Set out from the longest to the shortest chapter, Quran is not arranged in chronological order, thus, it is divided into two surahs; Meccan (Makki) and Medinan (Madani). During his time in Mecca, Prophet Muhammad received revelations known as Meccan surah. The phase of revelation lasted about 13 years, from the first revelation up to the Hijrah. Containing 86 chapters, with an emphasis on the foundation of the religion, tolerance, spiritual, monotheism, sins, good deeds, hereafter life, faith and morality, Meccan surah explains about the Musyrik or polytheism without mentioning jihad nor sharia law. The verses are mostly shorter than Medinan surah and started with “Ya ayyuhan-nas (O people!)”, leading people to the core of spirituality with deep thoughts and reflections.

The table below shows the chronological order of the Quran.
 (Translation by Abdullah Yusuf Ali)


   QURAN : MECCAN SURAH
 
                              
NO.
SURAH
CHAPTER IN QURAN
NUMBER OF VERSES
1
96
19
2
68
52
3 Al-Muzzammil 73 20
4 Al-Muddathir 74 56
5 Al-Fatiha 1 7
6 Al-Masadd 111 5
7 At-Takwir 81 29
8 Al-Ala 87 19
9 Al-Lail 92 21
10 Al-Fajr 89 30
11 Ad-Dhuha 93 11
12 Ash-Sharh 94 8
13 Al-Asr 103 3
14 Al-'Adiyat 100 11
15 Al-Kauther 108 3
16 At-Takathur 102 8
17 Al-Maun 107 7
18 Al-Kafiroon 109 6
19 Al-Fil 105 5
20 Al-Falaq 113 5
21 An-Nas 114 6
22 Al-Ikhlas 112 4
23 An-Najm 53 62
24 Abasa 80 42
25 Al-Qadr 97 5
26 Ash-Shams 91 15
27 Al-Burooj 85 22
28 At-Tin 95 8
29 Quraish 106 4
30 Al-Qaria 101 11
31 Al-Qiyama 75 40
32 Al-Humaza 104 9
33 Al-Mursalat 77 50
34 Qaf 50 45
35 Al-Balad 90 20
36 At-Tariq 86 17
37 Al-Qamar 54 55
38 Sad 38 88
39 Al-Araf 7 206
40 Al-Jinn 72 28
41 Ya-Sin 36 83
42 Al-Furqan 25 77
43 Fatir 35 45
44 Maryam 19 98
45 Taha 20 135
46 Al-Waqia 56 96
47 Ash-Shuara 26 227
48 An-Naml 27 93
49 Al-Qasas 28 88
50 Al-Isra 17 111
51 Yunus 10 109
52 Hud 11 123
53 Yusuf 12 111
54 Al-Hijr 15 99
55 Al-Anaam 6 165
56. As-Saaffat 37 182
57 Luqman 31 34
58 Saba 34 54
59 Az-Zumar 39 75
60 Al-Ghafir 40 85
61 Fussilat 41 54
62 Ash-Shura 42 53
63 Az-Zukhruf 43 89
64 Ad-Dukhan 44 59
65 Al-Jathiya 45 37
66 Al-Ahqaf 46 35
67 Adh-Dhariyat 51 60
68 Al-Ghashiya 88 26
69 Al-Kahf 18 110
70 An-Nahl 16 128
71 Nooh 71 28
72 Ibrahim 14 52
73 Al-Ambiya 21 112
74 Al-Mumenoon 23 118
75 As-Sajda 32 30
76 At-Tur 52 49
77 Al-Mulk 67 30
78 Al-Haaqqa 69 52
79 Al-Maarij 70 44
80 An-Naba 78 40
81 An-Naziat 79 46
82 Al-Infitar 82 19
83 Al-Inshiqaq 84 25
84 Ar-Room 30 60
85 Al-Ankaboot 29 69
86 Al-Mutaffifin 83 36

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